Indoor air pollution is among the top five environmental health risks, according to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and it's one that everyone encounters.
Adverse health effects can begin after a single exposure to common air pollutants, such as those found in paint and new carpeting, and may include side effects like coughing, wheezing, throat and nose irritation, watery eyes and more. Repeated exposure can lead to chronic fatigue or dizziness and other, more serious complications. Serious health risks associated with indoor air pollution include allergies, asthma, heart and respiratory disease, premature births, some cancers and many other conditions.
In many cases, exposure symptoms are short-term and can be treated effectively by removing the source of the pollutants. However, in many cases, it simply is not possible to remove all airborne contaminants.
The best way to control the risks associated with this hazard is by eliminating the source of the pollutants and maintaining a well-ventilated home that circulates fresh outdoor air. Unfortunately, most people live in areas where the air outdoors might not be much fresher than what's already circulated inside their homes. In these cases, the EPA suggests the use of an air-cleaning device, such as a home air purifier.